You can gain access to the southern of the Andalucian provinces after have crossed the ‘Guadalquivir’, the river that is the backbone of our community. ‘Cádiz’ represents a meeting point of continents and seas, Europe and Africa are hardly 14 kms. apart, while the Atlantic and Mediterranean sea mix their waters just in the Strite of Gibraltar. This position has been conditioning environmental and historic factors, into the first group we have to emphasize the climate, with the contrast of to enjoy in its mountains the highest level of rainfall of the whole country in spite to be just in the “dry Spain”, and the frequency of its well-known winds, ‘Levante’ and ‘Poniente’ (eastwind and westwind). The complex geology of Cádiz, in which it represents three main units (quaternary sediments, sandstones and limestones) has favored an orography varying from soft hills to steep mountain ranges, with a vegetation alternating from almost desert-like spots to leafy ‘Laurisilvas’, unique in the continental Europe, been outstanding the pine forests and cork oak forests spreaded into the wooded areas. It’s coastline alternate extensive beaches with marshes and cliffs, and except for some spots, the land speculation has respected it.
Our way across lands from Cádiz will collect all this details, starting for the soft reliefs of the western countryside and the Bay of Cádiz, to have a look to the coastlines of ‘Chiclana’, ‘Conil’ and ‘Barbate’, and then, almost arriving to ‘Tarifa’ go deeper the mountains of ‘Sierras del Estrecho’ (mountains of the Strite) and ‘Los Alcornocales’ (the cork oat forests), to leave the province of Cádiz almost touching the mountain range of ‘Serranía de Grazalema’. This route must to take the touring cyclist well-prepared, who must to know that Cádiz will welcome us softly and with good manners, but will see us off demanding the utmost effort of our legs, although without doubt, after have rewarded our senses and incited us to come back again to enjoy its many charms.